ANNEXATION OF KARACHI AND BATTLE OF HYDERABAD—- A CATALYST OR A GAME CHANGER
By Dr. Adnan Zuberi
Corruption of East India CompanyB: Politics between British Establishment and East India CompanyC: Role of Major James Outram and Charles Napier It was the last day of 1600 AD when Queen Elizabeth I granted the Royal Charter to East India Company. EIC was a corporate founded by some rich english merchants. They first establish their trade office in Surat( Gujrat). Later they moved to Madras and Calcutta. British Parliament wants to determine the role of this private trading company. Plassey (1757) and Buxxar(1764), now this company successfully in position to control the wealth of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. The officers of EIC was corrupt right from beginning. Shah Alam II appointed Lord Clive as Governer and authorised him Tax Collection. Lord Robert Clive was also involved in corruption and transfer his wealth back to england.Clive suffered from mental illness, now thought to be bipolar disorder. Parliament set a committee to investigate and Lord Clive committed ( allegedly)suicide in his mansion in London Mayfair District, not far from Avon field apptt of Mian Nawaz Sharif.
Lord Clive was famous as The Richest man of Europe.In 1772-1785 Warren Hastings , who joined the EIC as a clerk, served as the first GovernorGeneral of India. He looted the tax money collected from India.In 1787 upon his return to Britain Hastings was impeached by parliament. His trial lasted seven years, the longest impeachment proceedings in history, before – astonishingly – he was acquitted of all charges.Many financial irregularities and mismanagement were noticed with time. Bengal famine is one example. In 1773 then PM Lord North suggested that the company should be managed directly by Crown. Therefore they drafted East India Company Regulating Act. With the passage of time EIC became so powerful that it has his own private Army of 260,000 desi soldiers, almost twice the British Army.The politics between the Parliament and EIC continue and the company slowly and gradually annexing neighboring territories. In 1832 Governer General Lord Ellenborough and Charles Napier decided the annexation of Sindh region, against the wish of establishment of British Crown.
Major James Outram, Outram Road in Karachi which connects Pakistan Chowk to I I Chundrigar road via Haqqani Chowk and James abad sindh is named after him, was against this adventure. But he has to take part in this battle because he was junior to Gen Napier. Later he recieved the medal of bravery. According to Major Outram the Amirs of Sindh of Hyderabad and khairpur state were friendly to EIC therefore it was unethical to attack on friends. But General Charles Napier was determined and finally decided to attack. First they attacked Manora Island and captured Karachi and then in 1843 the success of Battle of Hyderabad completed his mission. Charles Napier explained that he didn’t want the Ranjit Singh Army to attack the Sindh region. Further more he created the “Fear of Bear”. I mean he want a safe garrison near the NW border of India to combat the Russian forces through Afghanistan. I think Pakistani establishment Inheret the Fear of Bear(Russia) from their Ex Colonial Masters. The annexation of Sindh further sharpen the conflicts between the Westminster ( Parliament) and EICFinally in 1857 The Indian War of Independence began when the people rose against the Company’s rule. It was the most strong retaliation of its time from any colonial people. This revolt was severely mismanaged but after huge blood shed they able to crush the independence movement. Enough is enough In 1858 the British government decided and removed the Company’s powers beginning the era of the Raj as the British Crown took direct control over the territories held by the East India Company